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2015; 3:15 GMT
Hakop Aganyan (Jack), left, is Founder and President of
SHT. Constantine, SHT co-founder, is shown on the right, next to Mike McKubre at Stanford
Constantine Balakirian no longer with SHT; reaction primarily chemical
Some of the reasons why he was fired. Clarification that the Solar
Hydrogen Trends (SHT) reactor is driven primarily by aluminum reacting with
water to produce hydrogen, without an oxide film
forming on the surface, allowing continuous production. Transmutation detected
by metals other than aluminum in precipitant.
by Sterling D. Allan
Pure Energy Systems News
This story is Part II of a two-part bombshell, which originally I had
composed as one story. But Constantine made a good case for separating the
science from the politics, so here is the news bullet and link for Part I, which
I recommend that you read first.
While this is great info,
I have to say I'm reeling a bit here, for several reasons.
First, I just found out that Constantine, formerly CEO (now vacant) of Solar
Hydrogen Trends, Inc, and still a significant share holder, was fired by them
3-4 months ago, and is going his own direction now. He has formed a separate company, KB Consulting (the official spelling of his
first name is with a K).
With this press release, Constantine has put SHT on edge to the point
that they are threatening to sue him for disclosing confidential
information. They wanted to make it very clear that Constantine and his wife are violating
their Non-Disclosure agreement with SHT by providing this information about the
aluminum plates, which was developed in part by Constantine, but primarily by many
others of the team at SHT, representing six years of work.
"There should have been three to four more names on the patent,"
Jack said. Others who have played a very significant role in developing the SHT
technology include primarily Suren, as well as Ashot, Vernald, Jack, Anahit, and
Jack gave several reasons why SHT fired Constantine from the CEO
position, including that his angrily barking of orders as a leftover of the Soviet era
dictatorship was not appreciated; and that he did not give credit where credit
was due, but tended to want to bask in the limelight, taking more credit than he
deserved. They also didn't think he had the leadership skills required to run a company.
His unbridled gambling addiction was also a factor. It was at a casino that his
entire team arrived and announced that he was fired, after he had promised them
he would stop.
From what I can gather, part of what led to Constantine's frustration with
SHT, which led to some of those sentiments, was that in his mind, he had
figured out some key things that would be very beneficial to the process, and
they were resisting.
Previously, the SHT process stopped after a few hours. Constantine has figured out how to
keep it going; and it involved a major overhaul of the previous reactor system
-- a total redesign. He has kept his going for 24 hours -- until the aluminum
plates completely dissolve. Thicker plates would allow for
even longer run times.
Now, Constantine is working on a design that would enable the plates to be
replaced (refueled) while the system is running, to enable continuous operation.
He's working up a patent on all this as well.
By the way, to illustrate the scientific clout that Constantine has, when he was
in a Russian university, he was the head of three departments with 69 professors. So not only
was he a professor, but he was a leader among professors. He
compares his being fired by SHT to Steve Jobs' being fired from Apple. It should
be noted that Constantine's PhD is in Psychology, not Physics.
Meanwhile, SHT has...
Jack says that SHT has also solved the run time issue, and they could keep
the reactors running continuously, though presently, with them doing things
manually, it isn't practical. Their next major step will be to automate the
process, which will take 6-8 months, once they get their next round of funding. This will need to include a way to flush out the precipitant water
several times before replacing the aluminum plates. (By the way, they are open
to investment inquiries right now. Their previous investor was pleased with how
SHT was able to achieve their designated milestone.)
Jack also told me that he's working on editing a video they shot recently that
shows the sonoluminescence taking place in their reactors as one of the
phenomenon taking place to give them the effects they are seeing, including that
the precipitant isn't just aluminum oxide but another metal as well, which means
that there is a nuclear process taking place, causing transmutation of elements.
I don't know if this will work against them in terms of recycling the aluminum
oxide, since I would think they would need to separate out the other element,
unless it makes a useful alloy.
Another thing that is disorienting for me is that with this new information from
Constantine, it seems to me that their process is primarily chemical, based on
the reaction of water with aluminum to produce hydrogen and aluminum oxide,
though with transmutation taking place, obviously some other exotic things are
happening as well.
Jack points out that this information (the involvement of aluminum and water) is
included in their recently-published
patent, which we announced about a month ago. My rebuttal to Jack was to ask
why SHT is upset with Constantine for disclosing this, since it is revealed in
their patent. I've not read their patent yet, but I can see that this is
indirectly disclosed even in the abstract:
present invention provides multifactorial hydrogen reactor with elevated
hydrogen production due to complex set of sixteen (16) physical and chemical
processes, acting simultaneously on the hydrogen bonds in aqueous solutions
of electrolytes. This is achieved due to the process, which takes place in
forty two (42) distributed volumes of hydrogen reactor under the effect of
the electro-hydraulic shock, which forms local micro-cavities with pressures
in the hundreds of thousands of atmospheres and a temperature of several
thousand degrees (plasma). Frontline water wave pressure passing through
electrolyzer's electrodes creates in micro-environment infrasonic, sonic,
and ultrasonic vibrations that, along with the heat, ultrasound and
hydrodynamic cavitation, turbulence, high-pressure, chemical catalysts,
light energy, electrostatic and electromagnetic fields, dramatically
increases decomposition process of water molecules. Simultaneously,
electro-hydraulic shock destroys the oxide film, allowing the oxidation
reaction of reactive metals to continue continually; reactive metals, from
which plates of electrolyzer are made, are part of the hydrogen reactor.
Prior to this, while I knew that there were some chemical aspects to the
reaction, I had (wrongfully) imagined their process to be primarily turning water (H2O) into
hydrogen via electrical input, in
which the oxygen was transmutating into hydrogen; and that the process was
probably a variation of nuclear, hence the huge "overunity" of 1300+x
more energy out than the electricity put into the system.
Now, I realize that the primary input isn't electricity, but chemical: aluminum
and water, which are the two consumables in the reaction, and that the oxygen is
going primarily to aluminum oxide, not being transmutated to hydrogen.
The good news from
this is that the technology isn't going to be resulting in the elimination of
oxygen in the process.
With this realization is some disappointment that over the past year that
I've been reporting on this technology, describing it as turning water to
hydrogen, including the oxygen going to hydrogen, that I was very wrong in that
model, and the people at SHT knew it. They knew it was primarily a chemical
reaction, and that aluminum and water are the fuel in the process -- not
electricity, which is only part of their way of keeping the coating from taking
place so that the reaction can continue.
In their defense, even with aluminum in the equation, they were getting much
more hydrogen than they should have. Something else was going on.
Also, in their defense, they would say that there were some consumables in the
process. But according to their data, the amount of hydrogen gas they were
getting was much more than what they would have expected from the consumables
(aluminum and water).
However, they should have stopped us from stating that the ratio of input:output
was over 1:1300, when our tabulation for input did not factor in aluminum.
If I remember right, it was Jack who was
emphasizing to me the low levels of oxygen in the qualitative analyses, with the
assumption that this is unexpected because just H2O was the reactant. I would
think that knowing what he would have known, what they were
seeing was largely expected. The aluminum oxide (and whatever other oxygen-bound
molecules that are created) precipitate, so oxygen
would not come out as a gas.
In their defense, the 16 processes they have going on simultaneously includes
significant electrolysis, which turns 2xH2O into 2xH2 and
O2, so there should have been more oxygen gas showing up in the
Jack told me today that the idea that oxygen was transmutating to hydrogen came
from Constantine, and that none of the other scientists agreed with him on that.
My question, then, is why did he let me continue to portray their technology in
this way? I always let them read my stories to make corrections, if needed.
Also, in their defense, English is not their first language, so we might cut
them a little slack that maybe they didn't fully understand what I was writing,
to realize they needed to correct me in some of those nuances. I don't give that
defense much weight, because most of their English is pretty good.
Back then, I remember that Constantine was boasting that they had figured out how LENR works, and that
they could control it at will. Cold Fusion was one of the 16 processes they said
was involved in their reactor.
I'm not saying that LENR isn't involved. Maybe it is part of what keeps the
aluminum oxide coat from forming on the surface of the aluminum plates. But
there is a huge difference between LENR being a tool of that primary chemical
reaction, versus LENR being a primary source of the excess energy showing up in
the form of hydrogen compared to the little electrical input required.
To a certain extent, I know that inventors and their teams like to keep certain
secrets from the public, to protect their intellectual property. But in this
case, what I was saying, based on what they were telling me, was grossly inaccurate, now that I know what is really
taking place. They chose to not correct me. And it was Jack, in the first place,
based on Constantine's theoretical model at the time, who spurred this line of thinking by making a big deal about the ratio of oxygen
Another reason I'm reeling here, is that this disclosure shows that the skeptics
were right on this one, to a large extent. This is primarily a chemical
reaction, though there do appear to be some other things going on as well, which
lead to many anomalies that can't be explained by conventional physics.
People Need to Know about the Aluminum Plates
As I've weighed publishing this story, being caught in the middle of this dog
fight between SHT and KB Consulting, a primary reason why I am deciding to go
ahead is that I it seems to me that the very significant role of aluminum as
fuel needs to be made known. (I should mention that I did do an Alphabetics
query on this question of whether I should publish, and it was extremely
relevant to the question. One of the best yet.)
I see absolutely no reason why they should guard the knowledge of the existence
of aluminum plates. That is fundamental information in knowing what is going on
Investors need to know that aluminum and water are the fuel -- not electricity,
combined with a bunch of other exotic effects.
The markets need to know that aluminum is going to be the fuel of the coming
hydrogen economy. There are adjustments that need to be made to make sure the
supply chain is adequate.
Industries involved in recycling aluminum metal from aluminum oxide need to know
that they are going to be in high demand, and prepare to be able to ramp up
Potential customers need to know that they are going to be feeding aluminum
plates into the reactor chamber, and extracting aluminum oxide to be recycled.
That is a very different story than of merely keeping a water tank topped off
from time to time.
The new story is a lot more involvement on the part of the customer. They have to source the aluminum plates. At first, these "filling
stations" aren't going to be readily available, like water or gasoline is.
At first, they're going to be ordering their fuel online, and have shipping
Also, they need to know where and how to send their aluminum oxide to recycling
centers. That's not going to be free. How much is that going to cost? Or will
there be a small payment for recycling, similar to aluminum cans? How many
phases is it going to go through before it is easy?
These are profound logistical matters that need to be weighed by investors, the
market, and customers.
Constantine is doing them all a favor by disclosing this information now, while it
is still early in the game.
Bottom Line: Significant Breakthrough
Now, all that said, and despite the disappointment of having so deeply
misunderstood, leading to my misportraying what has been going on, as I said in
the opening (Part
I), it seems to me that there still is something very much worth
while here for providing energy for the planet.
And because there do seem to be some exotic things going on in their symphony of
16 processes, I'm going to go ahead and keep them in the Top
5 Exotic Free Energy Technologies listing.
However, I am very upset that all this time they were talking about how many
times overunity they are, strictly from the vantage point of electricity in
versus hydrogen out, when there is a lot of chemical input from aluminum and
water taking place. A true overunity measurement, in their case, needs to take
into account the energy contained in the aluminum required for the reaction. To
represent this equation without even mentioning the volume of aluminum is
tantamount to hiding something behind their back that is fundamental -- like
having a hidden battery.
There may be some exotic free energy showing up here as well, but fundamentally,
it is a recyclable chemic fuel process that moves us toward a renewable, clean
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