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You are here: > News > July 26, 2015; 3:15 GMT

Hakop Aganyan (Jack), left, is Founder and President of SHT. Constantine, SHT co-founder, is shown on the right, next to Mike McKubre at Stanford Research Institute.

Constantine Balakirian no longer with SHT; reaction primarily chemical

Some of the reasons why he was fired. Clarification that the Solar Hydrogen Trends (SHT) reactor is driven primarily by aluminum reacting with water to produce hydrogen, without an oxide film forming on the surface, allowing continuous production. Transmutation detected by metals other than aluminum in precipitant.

by Sterling D. Allan
Pure Energy Systems News

This story is Part II of a two-part bombshell, which originally I had composed as one story. But Constantine made a good case for separating the science from the politics, so here is the news bullet and link for Part I, which I recommend that you read first.

While this is great info, I have to say I'm reeling a bit here, for several reasons.


First, I just found out that Constantine, formerly CEO (now vacant) of Solar Hydrogen Trends, Inc, and still a significant share holder, was fired by them 3-4 months ago, and is going his own direction now. He has formed a separate company, KB Consulting (the official spelling of his first name is with a K).

With this press release, Constantine has put SHT on edge to the point that they are threatening to sue him for disclosing confidential information. They wanted to make it very clear that Constantine and his wife are violating their Non-Disclosure agreement with SHT by providing this information about the aluminum plates, which was developed in part by Constantine, but primarily by many others of the team at SHT, representing six years of work.

"There should have been three to four more names on the patent," Jack said. Others who have played a very significant role in developing the SHT technology include primarily Suren, as well as Ashot, Vernald, Jack, Anahit, and Avak.

Jack gave several reasons why SHT fired Constantine from the CEO position, including that his angrily barking of orders as a leftover of the Soviet era dictatorship was not appreciated; and that he did not give credit where credit was due, but tended to want to bask in the limelight, taking more credit than he deserved. They also didn't think he had the leadership skills required to run a company. His unbridled gambling addiction was also a factor. It was at a casino that his entire team arrived and announced that he was fired, after he had promised them he would stop.

From what I can gather, part of what led to Constantine's frustration with SHT, which led to some of those sentiments, was that in his mind, he had figured out some key things that would be very beneficial to the process, and they were resisting.

Previously, the SHT process stopped after a few hours. Constantine has figured out how to keep it going; and it involved a major overhaul of the previous reactor system -- a total redesign. He has kept his going for 24 hours -- until the aluminum plates completely dissolve. Thicker plates would allow for even longer run times.

Now, Constantine is working on a design that would enable the plates to be replaced (refueled) while the system is running, to enable continuous operation. He's working up a patent on all this as well.

By the way, to illustrate the scientific clout that Constantine has, when he was in a Russian university, he was the head of three departments with 69 professors. So not only was he a professor, but he was a leader among professors. He compares his being fired by SHT to Steve Jobs' being fired from Apple. It should be noted that Constantine's PhD is in Psychology, not Physics.

Meanwhile, SHT has...

Jack says that SHT has also solved the run time issue, and they could keep the reactors running continuously, though presently, with them doing things manually, it isn't practical. Their next major step will be to automate the process, which will take 6-8 months, once they get their next round of funding. This will need to include a way to flush out the precipitant water several times before replacing the aluminum plates. (By the way, they are open to investment inquiries right now. Their previous investor was pleased with how SHT was able to achieve their designated milestone.)

Jack also told me that he's working on editing a video they shot recently that shows the sonoluminescence taking place in their reactors as one of the phenomenon taking place to give them the effects they are seeing, including that the precipitant isn't just aluminum oxide but another metal as well, which means that there is a nuclear process taking place, causing transmutation of elements. I don't know if this will work against them in terms of recycling the aluminum oxide, since I would think they would need to separate out the other element, unless it makes a useful alloy.

Primarily Chemical

Another thing that is disorienting for me is that with this new information from Constantine, it seems to me that their process is primarily chemical, based on the reaction of water with aluminum to produce hydrogen and aluminum oxide, though with transmutation taking place, obviously some other exotic things are happening as well.

Jack points out that this information (the involvement of aluminum and water) is included in their recently-published patent, which we announced about a month ago. My rebuttal to Jack was to ask why SHT is upset with Constantine for disclosing this, since it is revealed in their patent. I've not read their patent yet, but I can see that this is indirectly disclosed even in the abstract:

The present invention provides multifactorial hydrogen reactor with elevated hydrogen production due to complex set of sixteen (16) physical and chemical processes, acting simultaneously on the hydrogen bonds in aqueous solutions of electrolytes. This is achieved due to the process, which takes place in forty two (42) distributed volumes of hydrogen reactor under the effect of the electro-hydraulic shock, which forms local micro-cavities with pressures in the hundreds of thousands of atmospheres and a temperature of several thousand degrees (plasma). Frontline water wave pressure passing through electrolyzer's electrodes creates in micro-environment infrasonic, sonic, and ultrasonic vibrations that, along with the heat, ultrasound and hydrodynamic cavitation, turbulence, high-pressure, chemical catalysts, light energy, electrostatic and electromagnetic fields, dramatically increases decomposition process of water molecules. Simultaneously, electro-hydraulic shock destroys the oxide film, allowing the oxidation reaction of reactive metals to continue continually; reactive metals, from which plates of electrolyzer are made, are part of the hydrogen reactor.

Prior to this, while I knew that there were some chemical aspects to the reaction, I had (wrongfully) imagined their process to be primarily turning water (H2O) into hydrogen via electrical input, in which the oxygen was transmutating into hydrogen; and that the process was probably a variation of nuclear, hence the huge "overunity" of 1300+x more energy out than the electricity put into the system.

Now, I realize that the primary input isn't electricity, but chemical: aluminum and water, which are the two consumables in the reaction, and that the oxygen is going primarily to aluminum oxide, not being transmutated to hydrogen. 

The good news from this is that the technology isn't going to be resulting in the elimination of oxygen in the process.

With this realization is some disappointment that over the past year that I've been reporting on this technology, describing it as turning water to hydrogen, including the oxygen going to hydrogen, that I was very wrong in that model, and the people at SHT knew it. They knew it was primarily a chemical reaction, and that aluminum and water are the fuel in the process -- not electricity, which is only part of their way of keeping the coating from taking place so that the reaction can continue.

In their defense, even with aluminum in the equation, they were getting much more hydrogen than they should have. Something else was going on.

Also, in their defense, they would say that there were some consumables in the process. But according to their data, the amount of hydrogen gas they were getting was much more than what they would have expected from the consumables (aluminum and water). 

However, they should have stopped us from stating that the ratio of input:output was over 1:1300, when our tabulation for input did not factor in aluminum.

If I remember right, it was Jack who was emphasizing to me the low levels of oxygen in the qualitative analyses, with the assumption that this is unexpected because just H2O was the reactant. I would think that knowing what he would have known, what they were seeing was largely expected. The aluminum oxide (and whatever other oxygen-bound molecules that are created) precipitate, so oxygen would not come out as a gas.

In their defense, the 16 processes they have going on simultaneously includes significant electrolysis, which turns 2xH2O into 2xH2 and O2, so there should have been more oxygen gas showing up in the qualitative analysis.

Jack told me today that the idea that oxygen was transmutating to hydrogen came from Constantine, and that none of the other scientists agreed with him on that. My question, then, is why did he let me continue to portray their technology in this way? I always let them read my stories to make corrections, if needed.

Also, in their defense, English is not their first language, so we might cut them a little slack that maybe they didn't fully understand what I was writing, to realize they needed to correct me in some of those nuances. I don't give that defense much weight, because most of their English is pretty good.

Back then, I remember that Constantine was boasting that they had figured out how LENR works, and that they could control it at will. Cold Fusion was one of the 16 processes they said was involved in their reactor. 

I'm not saying that LENR isn't involved. Maybe it is part of what keeps the aluminum oxide coat from forming on the surface of the aluminum plates. But there is a huge difference between LENR being a tool of that primary chemical reaction, versus LENR being a primary source of the excess energy showing up in the form of hydrogen compared to the little electrical input required.

To a certain extent, I know that inventors and their teams like to keep certain secrets from the public, to protect their intellectual property. But in this case, what I was saying, based on what they were telling me, was grossly inaccurate, now that I know what is really taking place. They chose to not correct me. And it was Jack, in the first place, based on Constantine's theoretical model at the time, who spurred this line of thinking by making a big deal about the ratio of oxygen coming out.

Another reason I'm reeling here, is that this disclosure shows that the skeptics were right on this one, to a large extent. This is primarily a chemical reaction, though there do appear to be some other things going on as well, which lead to many anomalies that can't be explained by conventional physics.

People Need to Know about the Aluminum Plates

As I've weighed publishing this story, being caught in the middle of this dog fight between SHT and KB Consulting, a primary reason why I am deciding to go ahead is that I it seems to me that the very significant role of aluminum as fuel needs to be made known. (I should mention that I did do an Alphabetics query on this question of whether I should publish, and it was extremely relevant to the question. One of the best yet.)

I see absolutely no reason why they should guard the knowledge of the existence of aluminum plates. That is fundamental information in knowing what is going on here. 

Investors need to know that aluminum and water are the fuel -- not electricity, combined with a bunch of other exotic effects. 

The markets need to know that aluminum is going to be the fuel of the coming hydrogen economy. There are adjustments that need to be made to make sure the supply chain is adequate. 

Industries involved in recycling aluminum metal from aluminum oxide need to know that they are going to be in high demand, and prepare to be able to ramp up production.

Potential customers need to know that they are going to be feeding aluminum plates into the reactor chamber, and extracting aluminum oxide to be recycled. That is a very different story than of merely keeping a water tank topped off from time to time. 

The new story is a lot more involvement on the part of the customer. They have to source the aluminum plates. At first, these "filling stations" aren't going to be readily available, like water or gasoline is. At first, they're going to be ordering their fuel online, and have shipping charges. 

Also, they need to know where and how to send their aluminum oxide to recycling centers. That's not going to be free. How much is that going to cost? Or will there be a small payment for recycling, similar to aluminum cans? How many phases is it going to go through before it is easy?

These are profound logistical matters that need to be weighed by investors, the market, and customers.

Constantine is doing them all a favor by disclosing this information now, while it is still early in the game.

Bottom Line: Significant Breakthrough

Now, all that said, and despite the disappointment of having so deeply misunderstood, leading to my misportraying what has been going on, as I said in the opening (Part I), it seems to me that there still is something very much worth while here for providing energy for the planet.

And because there do seem to be some exotic things going on in their symphony of 16 processes, I'm going to go ahead and keep them in the Top 5 Exotic Free Energy Technologies listing.

However, I am very upset that all this time they were talking about how many times overunity they are, strictly from the vantage point of electricity in versus hydrogen out, when there is a lot of chemical input from aluminum and water taking place. A true overunity measurement, in their case, needs to take into account the energy contained in the aluminum required for the reaction. To represent this equation without even mentioning the volume of aluminum is tantamount to hiding something behind their back that is fundamental -- like having a hidden battery.

There may be some exotic free energy showing up here as well, but fundamentally, it is a recyclable chemic fuel process that moves us toward a renewable, clean energy future.

# # #

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Page composed by Sterling D. Allan  
Last updated September 04, 2015




"It is harder to crack a prejudice than an atom." // "I'd rather be an optimist and a fool than a pessimist and right." -- Albert Einstein

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