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3 2014; 12 pm MDT
My Hypothetical Answer to the E-Cat Current Question
Hank Mills provides a hypothetical guess on how the high current of the E-Cat may be produced.
Figure 5: The PCE display downstream from the control unit.
On the left, one can see the currents waveshape (identical in both PCEs), on the right its harmonics analysis. Note that the PCE is
capable of correctly measuring up to 100 harmonics, though with diminishing precision.
The figure reveals that all the most important harmonics are contained within the
20th harmonic, and, therefore, that all the wave shape harmonics input to the system
lie within the PCEs measuring range. (Lugano report)
By Hank Mills
Pure Energy Systems News
The Lugano report provided hard evidence that Andrea Rossi's E-Cat
produces excess heat far beyond any known chemical reaction. Operating for thirty two days at temperatures over 1200 degrees Celsius, the E-Cat demonstrated the ability produce a high COP even when not operated in self sustain mode (with no input power) or start stop mode (with intermittent input power). So even with the device operating with the metaphorical breaks pressed for the entire duration of the test, the results were overwhelmingly positive.
But, as always, there have been questions raised about the report. Many of them come from cynics and naysayers who have been overtly hostile to the technology from the start no amount of evidence will satisfy these skeptopaths and trolls. They simply make up issues and questions to stir up debate. Other questions come from honest, fair minded individuals who would like additional information from the testers that was not provided in specific detail or was not included at all in the report.
One particular question is being asked, perhaps, by both of the above factions. There are allegations that the amount of current in the circuit powering the resistor inside the E-Cat was far too high in the actual test of the device. These individuals claim the current was three times higher during the actual test than during the dummy run when no fuel powder (the combination of lithium, iron, nickel, hydrogen, and a few other elements) was in the reactor core. Some of these individuals assert this means the figure for input power provided by the Lugano report for the actual test run was three times too low. Because the official measured COP was between 3 and 4, the real COP was actually 1, according to them. No nuclear reactions, no excess heat, no breakthrough technology: they believe this proves the E-Cat doesn't work.
The more open minded, honest individuals asking the same question realize there is a lot we don't know about what's happening inside of the reactor core. There could be something taking place that is allowing for increased current without requiring an increased input power. In response to questions about this issue, Andrea Rossi has indicated the resistor inside the E-Cat is doped and has unique properties that cannot be disclosed due to the need to protect intellectual property. There is no reason to doubt this, in my opinion. I believe it is infinitely more likely than the ridiculous notion the testers would setup the current clamps correctly for the dummy run (measuring perfect unity when comparing input to output) and to measure the power consumption of the control box (which matched the specifications provided by the manufacturer), but that they would then change the clamp setup to produce inaccurate readings for the actual test. In fact, I have been told today that the power monitor would have beeped at them if the clamps had been connected incorrectly. The logical conclusion is that there is something unique about the resistors or their environment inside the E-Cat that allows for the increased current.
One reaction that may take place in the E-Cat, which was mentioned in the Lugano report, is the interaction between a fast proton and a lithium atom. The result would be a massive release of energy and fast moving alpha particles. If this reaction takes place inside the E-Cat, the environment that the resistors may be exposed to could be flooded with alpha particles which could be a source of the excess current and perhaps excess heat.
In a traditional nuclear battery, an emitter of charged particles, such as strontium, is placed on or near an electrode that is part of an electrical circuit. The fairly low level of charged particles (beta particles in the case of strontium) impact the metal of the electrode and their kinetic energy is transformed into electricity. In conventional nuclear batteries, the amount of electricity generated is very minimal.
The Resonant Nuclear
Battery, however, operated in a slightly different manner. The electrode subjected to the beta particles was actually part of a resonating circuit. The oscillations in the circuit allowed, allegedly, not only for the kinetic energy of the charged particle to be converted into electricity but also the magnetic energy of the particle. According to the inventor, the magnetic field of the charged particle (traveling at a small fraction of the speed of light) contained far more energy than could be obtained by simply converting the kinetic energy into electricity. A tiny fraction of a gram of strontium in the resonant nuclear battery could produce 7.5 kilowatts of electric power, if their measurements were correct which we do not know for sure. This is compared to less than a watt of power in the conventional nuclear battery.
A Wild Conjecture That May Be Totally False
One interesting aspect about the resonant nuclear battery is that the resistance of the electrode dropped and the current in the circuit increased. This was due to the energy of the charged particles being converted into electricity. I think something similar could be taking place in the hot cat model of the E-Cat.
First, we know that the E-Cat contains lithium and hydrogen. Also, we know that the lithium 7 is being consumed. Possibly, interactions are taking place between protons being ejected from nickel hydrogen reactions and lithium. This would mean countless alpha particles being produced. The environment of the resistors would be filled with alpha particles.
Second, we know that in the E-Cat alternating current is being used. Andrea Rossi has told us that in the E-Cat that DC does not work to produce stimulation. This provides oscillations, perhaps like in the nuclear resonant battery.
Third, we know that electromagnetic frequencies, perhaps harmonic frequencies, are input into the E-Cat. These frequencies might be able to mimic the ones in the resonant nuclear battery that allow for the magnetic energy of the charged particles to be converted to electricity.
Fourth, since electricity is flowing through a coil, the resistor in the E-Cat also has an inductance like the electrode in the resonant nuclear battery.
Fifth, we know the current may go up in the hot cat without a corresponding increase of input power. The resonant nuclear battery produced a current and had a drop in resistance.
So what do I think may be going on?
In short, I propose the crazy, probably wrong idea that alpha particles from proton lithium interactions are hitting the resistor wires in the E-Cat. Since an alternating current with resonant wave forms may be present, a portion of the magnetic field of the alpha particles may be converted to electricity. If the magnetic field is not being converted, then the kinetic energy may be the only energy being transformed. This would increase the current without a corresponding increase of input power.
If electricity is being produced, it might just instantly degrade and be converted back again into extra heat which adds thermal power to the reactor. In addition to producing heat from nickel hydrogen reactions and the degradation of alpha particles into the gaseous environment of the reactor, perhaps this means of power production accounts for some of the COP of the device.
I am not saying this is the only way to account for the current. There are many other possibilities. However, I find this possibility far more plausible than the notion the testers are incompetent. Someone asked me for my explanation of how to account for the extra current, so I provided it.
Finally, please realize that this is simply conjecture on my part. I'm not officially trained as a scientist or engineer, and I may be totally wrong. I also am not a math or physics wizard, so I have not run any exact numbers. I'm simply trying to piece together physics concepts to produce hypothetical answers.
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PESN Coverage of LENR
For a more exhaustive listing, see News:Rossi_Cold_Fusion
Digest -- May 16, 2015 - Domestic heater E-Cat photo, long
self-sustain periods, size getting smaller (PESN)
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LENR-to-Market Digest -- January 30, 2015 - New report by Alexander Parkhomov showing excess heat in E-Cat
LENR-to-Market Digest -- January 22, 2015 - McKubre reports on a variation of Rossi's 3rd party test in Lugano
A Late Night Speculative Raving From Hank Mills - (PESN; October
Andrea Rossi's E-Cat Devours Lockheed's Hypothetical Compact Fusion Reactor - (PESN; October
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LENR-to-Market Digest -- February 20, 2014 - Rossi Hopes to Retrofit Coal Power Plants With
LENR-to-Market Digest -- February 5, 2014 - Nanors availability announced at Cold Fusion 101 at
LENR-to-Market Weekly -- January 30, 2014 - Industrial Heat acquires E-Cat
LENR to Market Digest, January 22, 2014
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LENR-to-Market Digest -- January 6, 2014 - Cherokee identified as
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