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You are here: > News > November 7, 2007

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Bios Fuel Demonstrates Diesel Driving 3000 km on Water and Waste Oil

Bios Fuel Corporation of New Zealand drove a Toyota Landcruiser across the Australian Desert from Darwin to Adelaide, running a virtually unmodified diesel engine on 40% Water and 60% Waste Mineral oil as part of the Greenfleet Class of the Panasonic World Solar Challenge.

Revised by Sterling D. Allan
Pure Energy Systems News
Copyright © 2007

1989 Toyota Landcruiser "Troupy" running on 40% water and 60% waste mineral oil (Bios Fuel H2W+) in the Australian Outback during the Solar Challenge 2007, GreenFleet Class.  More images and coverage at 

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Bios Fuel Corporation of New Zealand drove a 1989 Toyota Landcruiser 3000 kilometers across the Australian Desert, running a virtually unmodified diesel engine on their H2W+ fuel blend comprising of 40% Water and 60% Waste Mineral oil as part of the Panasonic World Solar Challenge that commenced in Darwin on October 21 and finished in Adelaide six days later.

It was one of 18 vehicles participating in the "Greenfleet Technology Class", travelling alongside the solar-powered vehicles, demonstrating the potential of its alternate fuel mix. (Ref.)  It broke down a couple of times, and helped a 60 Minutes television crew that broke down. (Ref.)

Bios Fuel claims to have developed a water-based fuel technology that allows hydrogen to be housed safely in water and released on demand for numerous applications.  A proprietary catalyst allows water to be suspended in waste oil as an emulsion.  The fuel is designed for power generation. It is one of several blends that Bios Fuel has certified to American ASTM standards.

While it is not designed for vehicles, it ran well in the 1989 Toyota Landcruiser Troop Carrier, or “Troupy” as they are affectionately called in the outback.  “We thought testing in a harsh environment such as the Australian desert would demonstrate the viability of our fuel beyond doubt, and show that 2nd and 3rd generation waste can be combined with water to provide an energy source”, said Bios Fuel founder and CEO Steve Ryan. “Using an old Troupy shows that you don’t necessarily have to compromise lifestyle to reduce your effect on the environment”. 

The waste oil was sourced directly from the local environment and mixed on location, with Panasonic World Solar Challenge scrutineers and officials ensuring transparency.  The engine was also fitted with an Eco Tube™, which is a simple stainless steel heat exchanger that treats the fuel of internal combustion engines (petrol or diesel) with the heat generated by a vehicle’s cooling system to increase fuel economy and further reduce emissions.

Emissions testing en route showed a total reduction in emissions of 90%, including a reduction of Nitrous Oxides or NOX, one of the worst greenhouse gases, by more than 80%. Fuel consumption of the Bios Fuels H2W+ blend was about the same as when using diesel. The heavily loaded vehicle consumed 17.77 litres of diesel per 100 kilometres.

Dynamometer tests back in New Zealand showed a similar engine running the H2W+ blend to be 10% more efficient than with diesel. 

By comparison a new Landcruiser consumes an average 11.9 litres of diesel per 100 kilometres. “[The Troupy]’s not the most efficient vehicle, and we had some issues resulting from choosing to blend and filter the fuel on location in Darwin with a very basic setup, but on the whole it ran really well,” said Ryan.

Regarding running on of 40% Water and 60% Waste Mineral oil, Ryan said: “Both the reduction in emissions, particularly NOX, and the relative fuel consumption shows conclusively we are releasing the energy from water on demand. We’ve run up to 90% water in diesel engines back home, but in this environment, and our first public display, we thought we’d be a little conservative”.

Breaking scientific tradition is not unfamiliar to Ryan and Bios Fuel. In 2005, 60 minutes featured him running a standard 350cc motorbike on 100% water using a process to entrain Hydrogen within the water, without the use of power. Similarly the process for emulsifying Waste Oils with water requires very little power and no heat, making production extremely economical. 

60 Minutes coverage: Water Powered Bike from Australia (YouTube; April 30, 2006)

The Team Bios Fuel crew was supported by the NZ based tertiary institution WelTec and the Centre for Smart Product; one of NZ’s top development engineers, Tony Devos; and mechanic Andrea Mendoza from Auckland based Pitchix.

Bios Fuel is opening two plants in the US to produce large quantities of waste recycled fuels before the end of the year. It also has joint ventures in New Zealand, Turkey and Chile, with further developments planned.

# # #



Burning Hydrocarbons, not Hydrogen

On Nov. 7, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Mark Dansie wrote:

The test on his motorcycle on 60 minutes confirmed in the emissions test that he was burning hydrocarbons not hydrogen. He tried to say it was some of the lubricating oils, however the scientist pointed out it was levels consistent with normal combustion of hydrocarbons.
the use of oil mixed with fuel is not new. You can actually purchase diesel mixed with water manufactured with a bonding agent and utilizing ultrasonics. 

From what I can see he is vaporizing the fuel using a heat source (cooling system) in a way not unlike the "GEET " system. The GEET uses exhaust heat to do the same. many experimenters and hobbyist in Europe and Africa have built successful GEET devices that run on 50/50 mixtures of water and hydrocarbons. However I did read once where the fuel efficiency has increased some but not by much as you still need the calorific values of the hydrocarbons to do the work. I.e. you might be running 60% oil but the overall fuel consumption increases negating the savings. I would require more information to be conclusive, but these are my thoughts at this stage.

* * * *

No Net Fuel Savings

On Nov. 14, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Mark Dansie said:

The Landcruiser usually gets around 12 miles to the gallon.  With their fuel mixture, they got 18 miles to the gallon.  60% of their fuel was petrol -- and that's where they were getting their energy.  Diesels can run on all sorts of fuels.  What these guys did is not that remarkable.

* * * *

Water a Scarce Commodity

On Nov. 7, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Leslie Pastor wrote:

The problem with this technology is that it incorporates 'fresh water' as fuel.......which is in very scarce supply.....What is needed is a fuel source derived from the "saltwater" oceans of this 
planet that can be used as a fuel source......Also it has to run 'cold' not 'hot' because we do not what to increase global warming..........but eliminate it. Can he substitute 'saltwater' as his fuel source? If so then we have an instant Top 5 technology.

* * * *

Desalinated Water not An Expensive Fuel

On Nov. 7, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Mark Dansie wrote:

I have come across the argument similar to yours often. I did some homework on what it takes to desalinate salt water into fresh. In a small unit it takes around 550 watts to produce 1000 liters of water. Apart from capital and maintenance costs that's about 7c worth of electricity. even allowing a multiple of 10 that's less than 1 cent per liter for water. In Israel they pay about $500 per mega liter for recycled and desalinated water. In the scheme of things , allowing for cost of desalination and even transport costs of distributing the water you are looking at less than 10c per liter for water -- still a cheap fuel source.

* * * *

Water Injection a Quasi Steam Engine?

On Nov. 7, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Ken Rauen wrote:

This 50/50 mix could be another water injection method, wherein the water produces a steam engine effect by reducing the peak temperature in exchange for extra expansion from steam formation. In other systems, it performs nearly the same as increasing the octane rating of the gasoline by the reduced peak T achieving the same thing as extending the combustion time, which higher octane rating does.

* * * *

Diesel Engines Forgiving

On Nov. 7, 2007, New Energy Congress member, Terry Sisson wrote:

I would like to add to the discussion that diesel engines are very forgiving compared to gasoline. I know a man in Iowa running his diesels on the same things that our Kiwi put in and mentioned ... transmission fluid, vegetable oil, lubricating oil, used motor oil, hydraulic oil, etc. The metals I have heard before too. A couple years ago, I ran into a man selling metal powder fuel additives for increasing octane and increasing mileage. One of these is typically aluminum.

See also

Page composed by Sterling D. Allan November 7, 2007
Last updated November 21, 2014





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