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Ultraconductors Resurfacing--Polymer Equivalents of Room Temperature Superconductors
"We have realized we can make Ultraconductor tape as an interim product within two years with a budget of $10m. Also, we have invented a potential near-term product based on the thin film we already know how to fabricate."
by Mark Goldes, AESOP
for Pure Energy Systems News
June 27, 2014 PRESS RELEASE EXCLUSIVE TO STERLING ALLAN AND PESN
AESOP Institute conducts research into unconventional renewable energy technologies, including breakthrough inventions for generating and conducting electricity.
As many readers are aware, AESOP is developing three fuel-free engines invented by
Rauen. All are designed to utilize atmospheric heat, a huge reservoir of solar energy. Engines that run 24/7 without fuel are hard to believe possible.
A room temperature superconductor close to commercialization is equally easy to doubt.
The advent of a room temperature superconductor would surely initiate a second industrial revolution.
-- Paul Chu Scientific American Ultraconductors are proven polymer equivalents of room temperature superconductors.
Scientists believe room-temperature superconductivity would have an impact equivalent to that of the laser, a 1960 invention that now plays an important role in an estimated $7.5 Trillion in economic activity.
-- QUANTA April 30, 2014
Although there are now several ceramic room temperature superconductors, polymers appear to provide the only room temperature superconducting solution close to commercialization. Ambient temperature Ultraconductors are revolutionary conductive polymer materials and the functional equivalent of a room temperature superconductor. Ultraconductors do not require cryogenic cooling.
Polymer Ultraconductors have been proven capable of conducting electricity at least 100,000 times better than gold, silver or copper, at temperatures near absolute zero to as high as 200 degrees C (390 degrees F). This is hundreds of degrees F higher than any superconductor presently in production.
AESOP Ultraconductors Inc. will be a future subsidiary of a planned commercial affiliate, AESOP Energy LLC, a holding company, and plans to complete development and commercialize products including tape, wire and eventually transmission line cable, which will utilize these ambient temperature superconductors.
By replacing just half of our power grids with Ultraconductor cables, the United States alone could achieve annual energy savings exceeding 150 billion kilowatt-hours of energy and $15 billion in cost savings.
Markets: Products incorporating cryogenic superconductors have been projected to total $8.8 Billion USD by 2017. A Nikkei Industrial Research Institute study concluded that the markets will be
at least seven times greater for ambient temperature superconductors than for cryogenic superconductors. Present sales for cryogenically cooled superconductors are estimated to total approximately $3 Billion per year.
Ultraconductors are the result of more than 20 years of scientific research, independent laboratory testing and eight years of engineering development. From an engineering perspective, Ultraconductors are a fundamentally new and enabling technology.
The progression of the polymer Ultraconductor technology into tape, wire, cable, and energy storage rings will supply multiple industrial markets. Near-term targets include licensing.
Early potential applications include:
- Connectivity in touch-screen applications as well as commercial and scientific electronic equipment, where conductivity through the film is useful.
- Connectivity in circuit board applications to replace soldering and through-hole plating (in multi-board circuits) and new integrated circuit or chip designs.
- A tiny generator which, if prototypes prove it practical, could replace batteries in hearing aids and later in pacemakers.
The Ultraconductor discovery was initially announced by scientists at the Polymer Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Russia. Several papers have since appeared in refereed journals.
A paper entitled: Superconductivity at Room Temperature in Oxidized Polypropylene by V.M. Arkhangorodskii et al. . A.F. Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, translated in 1990 by the American Institute of Physics, states the average measured resistance was ~ 1 Ohm.
ULTRACONDUCTORS FOR ENERGY STORAGE An Alternative to Batteries? Once ambient temperature Ultraconductors can be made into tape and wires, and assuming that, as expected, they sustain persistent currents - UMES are likely to store energy as well as Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), with no need for cryogenic cooling. UMES can be made small enough to use in vehicles and large enough to store energy for electric power utilities. Tiny UMES could store energy on the board for chips. Small rings can also be used, early in the program, to verify persistent currents. An earlier AESOP Institute affiliate, Magnetic Power Inc., had a subsidiary, Room Temperature Superconductors Inc. (RTS). That firm was founded in 1993 to develop the Ultraconductor technology, following 16 years of research by a Russian scientific team in Moscow. There have been numerous papers in peer-reviewed literature, a fundamental patent (US Patent # 5,777,292) and a devices patent (US Patent # 6,552,883) as well as two additional U.S. Patents and a number of international Patents.
To date, seven chemically distinct polymers have been used to create Ultraconductors. The total list of candidate polymers suited to the process is believed to number in the hundreds. Ultraconductor films can be prepared on metal, glass, or semiconductor substrates.
These polymers are expected to replace copper wire and ceramic superconductors in a wide variety of applications.
Ultraconductor technology has faced a decade-long delay through lack of capital. It was initiated through substantial private funding in AESOPs earlier commercial affiliates Magnetic Power Inc. and its subsidiary, Room Temperature Superconductors Inc. These firms were awarded four Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) contracts. Two - a Phase I and Phase II contract - were with the United States Air Force. The other two were with Ballistic Missile Defense. In addition to completing their own tests prior to the Phase II award, the Air Force contracted separately with an independent lab which validated the laboratory results and replicated the material - producing just under 1,000 samples.
Final Reports (available FREE) covering each of the four SBIR Contracts have been cleared for release to the public. They provide evidence of the superconductor achievement. Copies of all four Reports are available as
PDF files. To receive them, request Copies by email.
THERE IS MORE ON THE WEBSITE: www.aesopinstitute.org
Mark Goldes, CEO
+1 707 861-9070
This graphic illustrates how the processed polymers form electron chains (or channels). Each channel is one to two microns in diameter, 1/50th the diameter of a human hair, and will carry 50 amperes.
To: Sterling Allan
Sent: Sunday, June 29, 2014 6:45 PM [MDT]
The program wound down in 2004, as another $18m was needed for a three year program to produce samples that would allow production of wire. During that period, there was no capital available as the dot com crash had ended the substantial Angel funding we had been receiving and venture firms have rarely invested in materials - certainly not at that time.
We also could not come up with a near-term product based on the thin films we had learned how to produce. That might have allowed development to continue with a much smaller budget.
Additional Phase II funding was offered by Ballistic Missile Defense. We turned it down, as we would have been inventing on the contract. There is a clause in such contracts that allows the government to produce any patented product that results for the entire life of the patent without paying any royalty. (As a small firm, we did not know, as we later learned, that large firms with lawyers familiar with such contracts would often get that clause waived).
Ironically, both in the USA and Japan, a few years earlier ceramic superconductor development had been receiving a total of $250m annually, of combined public and private funding.
An additional factor is that superconductor scientists know a great deal about metal superconductors. Since the IBM breakthrough in 1985,
they also know much about ceramic superconductors - but very few have any background in polymers. That is why we coined the term Ultraconductors - to avoid endless arguments with physicists. New theory was involved. Although published in a refereed journal it was not widely known.
Ceramic superconductors have now surfaced at room temperature - see superconductors.org. Today, there is also
a much better understanding of the ceramics and therefore speculation has recently suggested a practical ceramic room temperature superconductor might surface in the next few years.
Finally, we have realized we can make Ultraconductor tape as an interim product within two years with a budget of $10m. Also, we have invented a potential near-term product based on the thin film we already know how to fabricate. Several private parties have expressed interest in providing the $10m which will allow development to resume and commercialization to take place.
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