University Research: Atacama Humanoid Still A Mystery
Steven M. Greer MD
22 April 2013
After six months of research by leading scientists at Stanford
University, the Atacama Humanoid remains a profound mystery.
The humanoid was first discovered in 2003 in the remote Atacama
desert region of Chile, but I did not learn of the existence of the
specimen until 2009, when invited to examine the mummy-like remains
of the humanoid in Barcelona Spain. In the summer of 2012, Ramón
Navia-Osorio Villar, President of INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES Y
ESTUDIOS EXOBIOLÓGICOS graciously permitted our team to do further
tests on the humanoid.
We traveled to Barcelona Spain in late September 2012 to obtain
detailed X Rays, CAT scans and take genetic samples for testing at
Dr. Garry Nolan , the Rachford and Carlota A. Harris Professor in
the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University
School of Medicine, headed up the team examining the human-like
specimen . He suggested the protocol for taking the DNA samples and,
in consultation with Dr. Ralph Lachman, also of Stanford University,
suggested precisely which X Rays and CT scan images would be needed
for proper evaluation of the skeletal anomalies.
Dr. Lachman, who is a visiting scholar and visiting professor at
Stanford University and author of “ Radiology of Syndromes,
Metabolic Disorders and Skeletal Dysplasias” and is one of the
leading experts in the world on skeletal dysplasia and
abnormalities, examined the X Rays, CAT scans and photographs of the
We obtained excellent DNA material by surgically dissecting the
distal ends of two right anterior ribs on the humanoid. These
clearly contained bone marrow material, as was seen on the
dissecting microscope that was brought in for the procedure. The
bone marrow and other material from the skull were obtained under
sterile, surgical procedures and placed directly into sterile
containers provided by Dr. Nolan.
Using forensic documentation procedures, this evidence was then
hand-delivered by me to Dr. Nolan in Washington DC in October, 2012.
Dr. Nolan proceeded to set up a very detailed protocol needed for
examining “ancient” or old DNA. This is a highly specialized
area of research and the leading scientists in the world with
expertise in this area consulted with Dr. Nolan in this endeavor.
The Atacama Humanoid is a 13 centimeter, or 6 inch, body that is
very desiccated but completely intact. The CAT scan clearly shows
internal chest organs (lungs and what appears to be the remains of a
heart structure).(See CAT scan here)
There is absolutely no doubt that the specimen is an actual organism
and that it is not a hoax of any kind. This fact has been confirmed
by Dr. Nolan and Dr. Lachman at Stanford.
The specimen has only 10 ribs, a finding not yet found in humans,
and a very unusual cranium. It is noted that the cranial vault is,
proportionally, much larger than is found in normal humans. The
bones are quite well developed and are not those of a fetus (see
below). There are multiple skeletal anomalies seen throughout the
specimen. Importantly a mature, not fetal, tooth is seen in the
mandible (jaw bone) A fracture of the right humerus (upper arm) is
seen as is a concave fracture of the right posterior-lateral skull,
which was most likely the cause of death.
Human fetus (2 months)
Importantly, Dr. Lachman has concluded that the humanoid is NOT
any known deformity, genetic defect, skeletal dysplasia or any other
known human abnormality. However, the most startling conclusion to
date is that Dr. Lachman concluded the humanoid lived to be 6- 8
years of age. (See Dr. Lachman’s full report here…).
This was assessed by examining the epiphyseal plates in the knees
and comparing these to normal humans of various ages.
Human Knee, 1 Month
Human Knee, 6 Years
He noted that there is no known form of human dwarfism that has
this presentation and set of findings. No human is known to be able
to live for 6-8 years and remain only 6 inches in length.
It should be noted also that Dr. Manchon, of the Manchon
Radiology Center in Barcelona, also examined the X Rays and
concluded that the specimen was most certainly not a fetus and had
lived for a year or more and probably several years.
Previously, there had been false reports published elsewhere that
the humanoid was a fetus.
This is clearly not the case as can be concluded from the
research of Dr. Lachman and the examination by Dr. Manchon. A
comparison of fetus X Rays shows a remarkable difference between
human fetus skeletal development and the X Rays of the Atacama
Painstaking and expert DNA extraction was done by Dr. Nolan at
Stanford University. A very high quality and quantity of DNA was
successfully extracted and analyzed.
Only Preliminary analysis of the DNA has been done to date, and
Dr. Nolan notes that it may be a year or more before full manual
analysis and confirmation can occur.
Dr. Nolan notes: “The DNA was of high quality, showing little
to no serious degradation.”
Dr. Nolan also notes that: “Sequence analysis
definitively rules out the specimen as an example of a New World
Importantly, Dr. Nolan has found that:
“Preliminary results demonstrate no statistically relevant
alterations of genes encoding proteins commonly associated with
known genes for primordial dwarfism or other forms of dwarfism.
Therefore, if there is a genetic basis for the symptoms observed in
the specimen the casual mutation(s) are not apparent at this level
of resolution and at this stage of the analysis.”
It should be noted that Neanderthals are 99.5% genetically
identical to humans, and chimps and apes are 96-97% identical.
As of this date, the genotype does not seem to match the
phenotype (meaning physically expressed form of the genetics).
The answer to this mystery will lead in further analysis of the
DNA and confirmation of the findings through the peer review
Dr. Nolan’s report (see full preliminary comments here – NOTE:
DNA testing continues and is not complete) concludes by stating
further research is needed:
“This preliminary report demonstrates how
currently available biomedical technologies can be readily applied
to the analysis of archeologically and anthropologically relevant
human specimens with genetic disorders of unknown origin. This
report is not a formal conclusion on the nature of the mutations
or the underlying cause of the disorder in this human specimen.
Currently the data represents (conservatively) a 15 fold whole
genome reading and as such is insufficient for definitive
conclusions. Future plans include continued study of this specimen
to establish up to a 50 fold WHS read that could point to targeted
sequencing of hypothetical causal mutations. Comparison of the
observed sequence variations against recently developed ethnically
focused genome databases is planned. Full analysis of the DNA, and
attempts to link genetics to morphology, will eventually follow in
an appropriately peer-reviewed article in an accredited scientific
journal. The results will be independently verified before
Clinically, given that this humanoid lived
many decades to centuries ago (exact date remains unknown but it is
not a recently living specimen) it is hard to understand how a 6
inch baby or child could have lived to be 6-8 years of age in such a
remote and undeveloped part of the world. Even in today’s best
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) we would hardly be able to keep
such a specimen alive. As an emergency physician, I have delivered
premature infants, as well as a significantly deformed one with
anencephaly, and am struck by how small and fragile this humanoid
is. Medically speaking, IF this is merely a deformed human, it does
not seem feasible that he would have lived to be 6-8 years of age.
Speaking as a clinician, I, as well as other doctors with whom I
have spoken, doubt he would have lived 6 hours. It should also
be noted that the specimen has a visible, well-developed tooth
remained in the mandible, also not consistent with a human
fetus of this size.
Given how long ago he lived and how primitive that area would
have been- totally lacking in modern medical technologies and
facilities- how would this child have lived? And with whom?
Certainly there are many more questions than answers at this
The mystery is further compounded by the reports from Ramon Navia-Osorio
Villar and his associates who traveled to the region and obtained
information from local native peoples of sightings of UFOs and very
small living creatures fitting the general description of this
humanoid. There are also reports that other intact humanoids may be
stored in various remote sites and locations. These reports have not
been confirmed, however.
It is necessary to do much more thorough research into this case.
The DNA work is really in it’s early stages, and we need to take a
scientific expedition to the Atacama desert to see if there are more
examples of this humanoid- and to see if indeed there is on-going
UFO/ ET activity in that region as reported.
HYPOTHESIS AND THOUGHTS
If the genetics continue to show a human connection to this
humanoid, what does this mean? We cannot say the Atacama Humanoid is
an ET. Nor is he any known – or clinically conceivable – human
that could have lived. So who is he? He remains a mystery, and
perhaps- just perhaps- a doorway to discovering much about who we
Recently, some scientists (see here)
working on DNA and computer analysis found that DNA has been around
for over 10 billion years- but earth has been here for less than
half that time. Perhaps life is indeed universal, and Contact
spreads life from world to world…
I have discussed with other scientists the possibility of
epigenetic augmentation of the human genome. Is the Atacama Humanoid
a so-called hybrid? Are we all some type of hybrid? Could this have
occurred via contact with other extraterrestrial civilizations over
millions of years? A source who refuses to be identified stated to
me several years ago that he had seen a National Security Agency
document that concluded that there had been 64 epigenetic
augmentations of the human genome in the past that has resulted in
modern humans. Could this be possible?
A Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientist once told me that the
reason the objects found on and near Mars – like the obelisks that
Astronaut Buzz Aldrin want us to go back to Mars to examine- would
show an ancient connection between ETs and humans- and that this is
why that information is being kept classified. When I asked why, he
said “Because the foundations of every fundamentalist orthodox
belief system on earth would be up-ended”.
To pursue science is to pursue the truth of matters. What is
needed from this point going forward is an open mind so that,
together, we may discover the truth about many things yet hidden.
here for Dr. Steven Greer’s full report on the being in
The DNA research on the specimen is in it’s very early
stages and incomplete. Much research remains. There is a paradox
between initial DNA tests, which are largely computerized data
bases, and the clinical findings in X Rays and CAT scans, and Dr.
Lachman’s conclusion that the specimen is 6 years of age and
only 6 inches in length. To date, the DNA data cannot explain
these perplexing findings. While human-like, it continues to
represent an undefined specimen and a least a year of further
genetic analysis will be needed by DNA experts. The un-matched DNA
(approximately 2 million base pairs of DNA that are
un-matched) will need to be carefully explored, and to date this
has not been accomplished.
here for Dr. Garry Nolan’s preliminary comments – NOTE:
DNA TESTING CONTINUES AND IS NOT COMPLETE.
here for the radiographic evaluation report by Dr. Ralph