By Hank Mills
Pure Energy Systems News
For months now, Andrea Rossi has been telling us about a new version of the E-Cat (Energy Catalyzer) technology that he calls the "hot cat." This new variation of the technology is claimed to allow for extremely high temperatures, with total stability, of up to 1,200 degrees Celsius. Such temperatures hold the potential to allow for direct conversion of heat to electricity utilizing solid state devices. For example, thermophotovoltaic panels and thermoelectric generators could utilize the E-Cat as a source of very high temperature heat.
Meanwhile, a user on a forum by the name of "Cures" has been sharing bits of information about the high temperature E-Cat. Over a month ago, he stated that he had witnessed a test in which an E-Cat module reached temperatures of over 700C. He also stated changes were made afterwards that allowed for temperatures of over 1,000C. In all of his posts, he spoke very favorably about the test results. In his opinion, they were very impressive, and indicated nothing less than a nuclear phenomenon taking place.
(You can read many of Cures posts, here. One of my sources has indicated to me he may be using an additional online name as well, and could have been posting on United States based forums all along -- before he even posted on non-English speaking forums.)
In the past few days, while NIWeek has been ongoing, he has started posting even more detailed information. Rumors about the report are now circulating all across the internet, and it seems he may be using more than one online identity. Piecing together all the various posts, a lot of information can be obtained.
Most of his latest revelations are about a specific test of a "hot cat" that took place on July 16th. The facts and figures he has leaked about this test seem to trump all other claims made by cold fusion researchers at NIWeek. They are actually much more significant than anything that was presented during that conference. His statements seem to describe a device that is capable of performance levels far beyond any test setup described during the week long event. As I see it, the ability to produce kilowatts of output -- at temperatures up to 1,200 Celsius -- from a simple setup proves, once again, that Leonardo Corporation is the clear leader in the field of cold fusion or LENR.
The test setup that Cures describes is elegant in its simplicity. You can see the picture he posted, here.
First, the E-Cat tested was constructed using two steel tubes or cylinders of equal length. The tube with a smaller diameter was placed inside of the tube with a larger diameter. In the gap between the two cylinders (the outer surface of the inner cylinder and the inner surface of the outer cylinder) a resistive heating element was placed, along with the "charge" consisting of nickel powder, catalysts, and a tablet that would release hydrogen when heated. The ends of the cylinder were then covered with a putty that could withstand high temperatures. As can be seen in the picture posted by Cures, the central "hole" was not covered.
The outer and inner surface of the module was coated with a black paint that would resist high temperatures. The black surface would make the device a more efficient black body radiator.
Next, the device was positioned several feet above the floor on a metal framework. A thermal camera was positioned below the E-Cat module, looking upwards. This camera would be used to record the surface temperature of the bottom half of the module. By being positioned below the module instead of above, the thermal camera would not be exposed to hot rising air that could artificially inflate the temperature data acquired. Due to the air currents providing some amount of cooling to the bottom of the reactor, the camera was in the position that would allow for the lowest temperatures to be recorded. This makes the resulting measurements the most conservative possible.
Power was applied to the resistors inside of the E-Cat and the temperature of the module, as recorded by the thermal camera, increased over a period of several hours. The thermal camera was connected to a computer so all of the data could be recorded for analysis. A handheld laser thermometer was used to determine the temperature of the inner surface of the inner cylinder (the glowing hole in the image Cures posted).
Cures has stated that at the time of the photo, the average external temperature of the module was E-Cat was 801 degrees Celsius, with a peak local temperature of 873C in one spot. This was recorded by the infrared camera. The temperature of the inner surface was measured (with the handheld laser themometer) to be from 1,100C to 1,200C, increasing in temperature towards the center of the module.
According to Cures, at that moment, the module was being supplied with 3.56 kilowatts of electrical power, and it was calculated to be emitting 13.39 kilowatts of power in the form of infrared radiation. This figure is accurate if the inner and outer "walls" (the inner surface of the inner cylinder and the outer surface of the outer cylinder) were emitting the same amount of power. Even if the inner wall was emitting less power than the outer wall, the minimum 8% loss of power due to convection (stripping heat from the module) and the placement of the camera (where it would record the lowest temperatures) would seem to make up for the difference.
The above numbers do not seem to indicate a COP of 6 at first glance. However, we have been told by Rossi that the high temperature E-Cats only have a "drive" (the period in which they consume electrical power) 50% of the time. So the same test with periods of self sustained operation would easily have a COP exceeding 6. If Rossi finds a way to eliminate the need for a periodic "drive", the COP could actually go up to almost infinity. It should be pointed out that Cures has not specified if this particular test utilized periods of self-sustain mode or not, but we know from Rossi that previous tests have utilized them.
Cures has also quoted very high energy density and power density numbers that are based on the results of the test and the weighting of the components before and after. These very conservative figures show that the E-Cat must, beyond any doubt, produce power via nuclear reactions. Cures actually mentions that by utilizing this technology, ten pounds of E-Cat nuclear fuel (nickel) could replace an entire ocean-going tanker of diesel fuel.
Finally, it should be noted that no radiation was emitted into the environment during this test. It was conducted in a completely safe manner.
The Hot Cat Devours All Competitors
So what is the actual significance of this test? First, let's look at what we now know about the H-Cat, or "hot cat."
These facts make it clear that this model of E-Cat (the hot cat) is the most powerful and most developed cold fusion device on the planet. Although other cold fusion researchers (who consider themselves competitors of Rossi's) may have more complex or complicated systems, none of them have the sheer elegance and brute power of the hot cat.
It is clear that Rossi's technology has been rapidly evolving since it first emerged publicly in January of 2011. What amazes me is that it has not been evolving gradually step-by-step, but has been taking huge evolutionary leaps forward. If Rossi was the owner of Ford Motor Corporation, his progress would be like releasing the Model T one year and then introducing a turbo charged Mustang Cobra the next.
As has been pointed out time and time again, the E-Cat is the only cold fusion or LENR technology that has been proven -- with test information available to the public -- to produce practical amounts of power. The new test results that Cures has shared confirms that the "hot cat" not only can produce kilowatts of power (like previous E-Cats demonstrated over a dozen times in 2011), but can now produce temperatures compatible with any conversion technology that transforms heat into electricity.
All research into cold fusion or LENR should be promoted and encouraged. I think understanding more about the processes involved is a very good thing. However, I can no longer get excited about claims of small amounts (14 watts in one case) of excess power. Such tiny amounts of power are nowhere near being practical, and do not provide the massive "in your face" evidence that will be required to convince the world about the reality of cold fusion.
However, Rossi's "hot cat" technology is exactly what is needed to convince the entire world of the reality of nuclear reactions at low temperatures. This is because it is not simply an experimental test system producing a few watts of power, but an industrial-ready technology capable of ending the energy crisis.
The E-Cat technology -- due to the high temperatures provided by the hot cat -- is now capable of providing power to the world via several different methods. Here are just a few...
|FIVE METHODS OF PRODUCING ELECTRICITY WITH A HOT CAT
1) The hot cat can produce steam to spin high temperature turbine generators.
I applaud National Instruments for getting involved in cold fusion research and providing tools to researchers. However, I hope the world does not get too distracted by the various cold fusion technologies presented during NIWeek. The fact is that the technologies presented there pale in comparison to the PRESENT DAY potential of the high temperature E-Cat.
What About Cures?!
We now have confirmation that Cures is indeed an insider who, without authorization, leaked confidential information about a test of the high temperature E-Cat. By releasing information that had to be "covered by an NDA" (according to Rossi), he has not only shared a significant amount of information about an amazing technology, but has pushed the University of Bologna into action. The university is now going to be repeating the test and will publicly release the results.
Here is what Andrea Rossi had to say about "Cures" on the Journal of Nuclear Physics. (Slightly edited)
August 11th, 2012 at 3:35 AM
AFTER THE LEAKAGE MADE BY AN INSIDER WITH THE NICKNAME CURES REGARDING THE TESTS COMPLETED ON JULY 16TH, WHICH HAD TO REMAIN UNDER NDA, I HAVE TO INFORM THAT:
THE TEST MADE ON JULY 16TH WILL BE REPEATED OFFICIALLY WITHIN THE HALF OF OCTOBER 2012 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA, AND THE RESULTS WILL BE PUBLISHED BY THE SAME UNIVERSITY.
- - - -
Dear Davide C:
What is interesting here is that for a long time, it seemed that the University of Bologna wanted to do their work in secret. It seems that this test, perhaps among others that have been conducted there, may have convinced them of the absolute reality of the E-Cat technology.
I sincerely hope that if "Cures" broke a confidentiality agreement, he is not severely punished, or punished at all, for that matter. Hopefully, there will no legal consequences for him. From reading his posts, it seemed like he was so excited about the amazing implications of the successful test results, and he felt he could not keep the information to himself any longer.
Although Cures may have done something technically "wrong", he did it with the spirit of scientific openness. He wanted to share the positive results of E-Cat tests with the world, to let them know the technology did indeed work -- beyond any doubt whatsoever.
Perhaps history will record Cures unauthorized release of test data as a positive event that heralded the cold fusion age to come.
Move Over NIWeek -- Zurich is Coming
For those who are not aware, an important E-Cat conference is taking place in Zurich, Switzerland, in early September. In addition to many licensees speaking, Rossi is scheduled to give a talk and release information about tests performed on high temperature E-Cat modules. In my opinion, what may be presented at this conference -- information about COMMERCIAL READY and PRACTICAL cold fusion devices -- will be far more significant than anything that was presented at NIWeek, which was, in and of itself, a monumental event, to be sure.
The leaked, confidential information provided by Cures may only be a small taste of what is to come at Zurich. Hopefully, the mainstream media will be awake and ready to cover the event. They better be ready, for their own sake, because the high temperature E-Cat is the most newsworthy technology on the planet.
Without a doubt, 14 watts of excess power does not compare to kilowatts at 1,000C.
Keep checking here at PESN for the latest news and information.
The following cartoon by eldim was posted at http://lenrforum.eu/viewtopic.php?f=26&t=390
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Last updated October 02, 2012