Rossi Explains E-Cat Setup in New Video
Andrea Rossi has graciously allowed a video to be made of him explaining an E-Cat test setup in Italy. The video provides a clear and detailed explanation of the setup, a clear look at multiple E-Cat units, and the super hot, dry steam that is produced.
Professor Sergio Focardi of the University of
Bologna looks on as Andrea Rossi demonstrates the E-Cat.
by Hank Mills
Cold fusion is now a commercial reality due to Andrea Rossi's E-Cat
(Energy Catalyzer) technology. Defkalion Green Technologies Inc.
has licensed the technology, and will be opening a one megawatt plant in Xanthi, Greece, this October. The plant will be composed of over 300 E-Cat modules (each officially rated at 2.5 kilowatts), and will provide energy for a factory that will be capable of producing 300,000 modules a year. Also, it has been stated that a one megawatt plant will be opening the United States by the end of the year. This plant will be opened for the company Ampenergo, that has acquired rights to the technology in the Americas, and has ties to people in the U.S. DOD and DOE.
This technology holds the potential to change the way energy is produced, and to lower the cost of energy dramatically. It utilizes small amounts of nickel powder, hydrogen gas, and undisclosed catalysts. When heat and pressure is applied, large amounts of energy is produced. An E-Cat with a reactor vessel of only 50 cubic centimeters (like those featured in the video), can safely produce up to 10 kW of thermal energy. Due to the construction being simple, nickel being one of the most common elements on the planet, hydrogen gas being available everywhere, and the small quantities of fuel used; the energy produced will be very low cost. One estimate is that the cost of electrical energy produced by the technology could be 1 cent per kilowatt hour. This would make it the cheapest source of energy on the planet at this time.
It should be noted, that Defkalion Green Technologies Inc. (that has acquired world wide rights to the technology except in the Americas) will be holding a press conference about the technology on June 23, 2011
(Story). I expect the press conference to be a very important event because the technology offers a way for Greece to re-build their economy. With this technology, Greece could transform from being near bankrupt, to an economic force in Europe.
The video and transcription is below.
Andrea Rossi should be thanked for taking the time to allow this video to be made. He is very busy, and did not have to take the time out of his
In the video, made in Bologna,
Italy by Steve Krivit, Andrea Rossi details one of his E-Cat test setups.
Please note that it is not an exact transcription, because a few small edits have been made for clarity.
2011 - Andrea Rossi Explains His Energy Catalyzer
Welcome to my laboratory. This is where we make the tests of our reactors and of the modules that we will go to compound the one megawatt plant that we are manufacturing, and will be started in October in Greece.
Let's start from the very beginning. We have here the plug that is taking power from the grid. You can say that we are consuming or drawing 3.4 amperes. 3.4 amperes with voltage of 220 volts which is the normal voltage in Italy. So, we are taking 3.4 times 220 is 748 watt hours per hour. This is the energy that we are taking out. Later we will see how much energy we are producing with the E-Cat.
Now you will see the E-Cats. These are the E-Cats. At the moment we are making a test with one E-Cat which is this one. This is the thermal couple that measures the temperature in the chimney of the reactor. The reactor is this, in this area. This is the insulation the black one, and this is the chimney. And from the chimney exits the steam and through this black hose that goes to the sink. Here is the sink and the steam goes through there. And we also have another thermal couple which is this one. This thermal couple measures the temperature of the water that goes inside the reactor. This is a pump that pumps from this reservoir to the reactor. So you can see this pipe pumping water from the reservoir, and sends the water through this blue hose to the inlet of the E-Cat which is this. Here we have a double wall jacket between the two walls we have a flow of water. The water cools down the reactor and turns to steam. The energy will be calculated considering the amount of water that we consume every hour, that we consume by weighing, by measuring the weight by the water we consume. And the delta T,: the difference of temperature between the two thermal couples.
In this of the data of the two thermal couples, as you can see from these wires flow through this data collector, and this data collector sends that to the computer. In fact, if we go to see the monitor of this computer, we will see that we have in the first column, C1, is the room temperature. Today it is a very hot day. We have 31.8 degrees Celsius in the room. In this side here, we have in C2 the temperature of the water at the inlet of the reactor, which is the water in the reservoir. Which is at this moment 26.5 Celsius degrees, which at the output we are measuring 100.1 degrees Celsius degrees because it is steam.
We have room pressure, as everyone knows at 100 C degrees that water boils and becomes steam. These are where you can see this. The blue bottom line is the water inlet. The red line is the room temperature and the yellow line is the temperature of the steam. Now this is the control panel. Here happen all the regulations of the system. All of what happens inside the rector is regulated through this. Also temperature, suppression, etc etc. And here... oh sure.. .inside the cover I can open the cover just to let you see there is no exotic.. you can just see that here inside we do not have any batteries or any stupidity like that. This is just electronic stuff.
And here you see another very important thing which is the measurement of the gamma rays. This is the measurement of the gamma rays. Now we are measuring .15 microseiversts per hour in the enviroment outside of the reactor. This is a standard gauge to measure the gamma radiation. This is a "gamma scout." In this moment, it is giving us data .13 micros eiverts per hour, which means we are pretty safe, because of course the reactor is shielded and the gamma rays are thermalized. The low energy gamma rays which we produced are thermalized inside of the reactor, and it is for this reason that we have energy production.
Now to have a very rapid calculation of the energies... At this point I have also to show you the hydrogen system. This is the hydrogen tank. The hydrogen before we start the production this cap is screwed to this point. Now we have a security cap we take off this cap we screw this one and through this hose we discharge the hydrogen inside the reactor. I can say with one gram of hydrogen we have twenty four hours of work. So basically you can think we put this here security and screw this right here after taking off this green cap we put this place this silver cap and open here and here, and we will have the pressure and we have the hydrogen inside there reactor and the pressure that will work. Then we close everything. The hydrogen is charged, and for 24 hours it is set.
Now I can explain better the system of water distribution. As you see water arrives from here, is pumped by the para-static pump through these veins that go inside the double jacket. Here inside we have a double jacket. Between the two jackets there is the cooling water, which is the water that we steam up to collect the energy. The water comes here this is the chimney. At this point the water is operated, because here we are at 99.9 degrees Celsius which is the upper limit of liquid state of water. Here we have pressure, room pressure, this is important to specify because the boiling point is a function of the pressure. This is the thermal couple that measures the temperature of the water in the chimney. Then the steam flows through this pipe. This pipe is of course is about 100 C degrees Celsius so you cannot take your hand above, and this goes to the sink where the steam is going, that is right there. Some steam is going out because... Much of what goes out. Yes, we have some condensation. But there is small condensation because this (hose) is very short and the maximum part is steam that goes out.
Just a moment. Put it. Got it. Steam. This is steam. And of course it is not that visible because it is very hot. Being very hot, it has less density. And so it is not very visible. But you can see the steam. On white you cannot see it well. With black you can see. But it is not very visible because it is very hot. Steam you can see well at low temperatures like fog, but when it is hot it is very dispersant.
At this moment we are making seven kilograms of water. Seven kilograms that we know perfectly because we weight the water that we put inside. Every time that we recharge, we weight the water and so we know exactly what is the weight of the water that we are passing through the reactor in one hour. The temperature is 101 degrees. This is a special rubber for high temperature. This is a rubber that resists up to 180 degrees Celsius.
Now we can make the calculations.....
# # #
This story is also published at BeforeItsNews.
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