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You are here:
PureEnergySystems.com > News > November 23, 2009

Plasma orbital expansion theory for Brown's gas

Chris Eckman of Idaho State University presents an overview of his theory of how Brown's gas is electrical in nature.  This precocious undergrad proposes a new isomer of water, something that would probably land a Nobel prize on more seasoned academics.

by Sterling D. Allan
Pure Energy Systems News
Copyright © 2009


In my opinion, Brown’s gas is one of the most interesting physical science fields. 

I’ve played with brown’s gas before, so I can speak from first-hand experience to vouch for what has been demonstrated in numerous YouTube videos and even some news reports. Simply put, Brown’s gas is the hydrogen-oxygen gas that comes from electrolysis that ducts the gases together, not separated. You can wave a Brown’s gas torch across your skin without burning it, and then take that same torch with the same setting and oxidize (melt) Tungsten, something that requires heat in the range of 6,000 ΊF.  The action is not coming from the heat of the flame but from something else that is going on. The list of unusual attributes of Brown's gas is quite long.

I am baffled as to why mainstream academia has overlooked and marginalized it for so long. I would think they would be curious and investigate these astonishing attributes to help speed its practical implementation.

Chris Eckman, an undergraduate student at Idaho State University, is a newcomer on the scene with the courage to pursue this science despite its political baggage. He has been doing some groundbreaking analysis and has been coming up with theoretical models to explain the phenomenon. People get Nobel prizes for documenting the kind of things he’s doing.

He recently submitted a paper describing these results and his theoretical models to a peer reviewed journal. It will include a complete math proof and physical proof.

Could it be that the politics of the field have kept this fairly straight-forward science hidden (no seasoned researchers dare look lest they jeopardize their career by the stigma of pursuing crackpot science), so that now a mere undergraduate student can waltz in an walk away with a discovery that could have been snatched decades ago by more "prestigious" professors?

I have to grin at the prospect.

Here is a synopsis he sent me recently when I was asking him about the electrical properties of Brown’s gas.

[In] the Browns Gas water plasma model, the water molecule goes from the tetrahedral and bent (4 electron pairs, 2 being used and 2 not being used) to the trigonal bipyramidal (5 electron pairs, 2 being used and 3 not being used), this causes the shape change. 

Because water normally is within the N2 shell, it needs a lot of energy to move up and would rather break down into Hydrogen and Oxygen then move up. However Browns Gas may be moving up a level and storing the extra electrons in the N=3 orbital. In other words, the original water molecules exist in a sp3 hybridized state whereas the “linear” molecule would have to use the d subshell of the n = 3 shell to become a sp3d hybrid state that allows for the expansion for the extra electrons. Upon relaxation it would resume its original state reclaiming its polarity and attraction to other water molecules. 

The new water molecule will form what is called "Non-equilibrium plasma" or "cold plasma” (it can be also called isomers) where the electrons have high energies but the molecules or atom that hold the extra electrons are relatively unenergetic and heat is produced by the electrical resistance of the target material from the extra electrons, while the molecule or atoms releasing these electrons remains relatively cool. 

The energy produced in the substrate material is due to electrons that scatter at point of contact, producing heat based upon the melting or vapor point of the material, electrical conductivity, density and thermal capacity of the material (how much heat it will absorb). This would be the (what I would call the Semi Stable Species, it will ether break down or revert back to water with some time) stable species that is formed in Brown's gas that will react with the substrate material. 

By the way I now have the physical/mathematical proof I need to show that this is a true structure of water (weather or not it is the main component of Browns gas I can not say for sure, but I would place money on it), but waiting for it to be published (the proof part to be published). 

Chris also wrote:

I had done a laboratory gas spectrometer analysis on the gas produced by BG torch and Tungsten. It proved that about 46% of the gas was tungsten dioxide, 11% was tungsten (VI) oxide (trioxide) and the rest was about 43% straight tungsten metal.

I found that electricity will commonly make tungsten dioxide. 

Normally, "WO2 is prepared by reduction of WO3 with tungsten powder over the course of 40 hours at 900 °C" (my Chemistry book), it also has a super high electrical conductivity and it showing promise for superconducting materials at high temps. The one that nature prefers is WO3. 

I tried to replicate it using Acetylene Torch and nothing similar happened. We had some amounts of WO3 -- that was expected -- but negligible amounts of WO2. This shows that BG burned it differently then an Acetylene Torch. 

I also tried to make it [tungsten dioxide] using electricity and found that I had similar ratios (within 12% of BG's numbers). Straight tungsten oxide (only 1 oxygen) is not common and was negligible < 0.001% in the results. Also small amounts of water, and even smaller amounts of H2 and O2 were found. There was also a small "blip" that no one really knew what it was, but this was considered negligible as well. 

[All this] helps confirm electrical presence.

Chris also sent me a Chemistry paper he wrote last year "that started it all", with the caveat that I let people know that some of his thinking has changed since then. 

Here's his account of the history of his involvement in the science.

One of the professors from the school looked through [the paper] and made me an offer to do work study for him to study this gas.  I accepted and worked for a year, tinkering with the gas. 

On the way I found new info on the gas, and we (my professor and I and one other) found funding to go to the "big boys" of research at Idaho National Labs.  There we had leaps and bounds when it came to research.  The information we found there was huge, even compared to when I worked for a year!  That is when we published the first paper (similar to the power point). 

We then did data analysis (us two undergrads), and we really had been swamped.  We found a grad student to help, then we got a little better results (in our math, really complex stuff).  That is when we applied for finding a new isomer of water.  We have been trying to publish the discovery ever since. 

We have an X ray picture of the molecule and some extremely promising mathematics to prove it's existence, but it seem to be more a political battle then that of data. It would seem the "poor undergrad" who has a GPA of 3.5 (B+) is not smart enough to "find such a discovery".  (By what I've been told it is Nobel prize worthy.  People get the Nobel prize in Chemistry for the discovery of new molecules and isomers and stuff like that every year). 

Shortly after that (~3 months ago), funding ran out and we've been looking for it since. It is really hard to publish a new molecule or isomer or any new discovery.  I get 10+ emails a day from people that agree and disagree with my theory -- both people who swear by it and others that swear at it -- both with Ph.D.s and high school drop outs contact me.  Of course the Ph.D.s have my attention a bunch more then the high school dropouts. 

Well anyway, it is safer to keep results under raps until it is out [peer-review published].  I don't want some company saying they have my results.  I've even brought on a lawyer on this to help in all the legal stuff.

Here is an interview I did with Chris on July 31, 2009 at the Nativo Lodge in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, as part of the ExtraOrdinary Technology conference. Chris gave a lecture on Brown's gas at the conference, which you can obtain from the conference website at http://TeslaTech.info (My apologies in advance for the poor audio quality.  We though the microphone was working, but it wasn't, and the camera mic was set to surround sound.)

Chris postulates that the gas is a function of a high-energy-state form of water that moves it from a dipole configuration to a linear configuration with two extra electrons, which then interact electrically with the substrate, resulting in the very unusual effects observed, such as sublimating Tungsten while not burning your hand if you wave the torch across it. (YouTube; Aug. 1, 2009)

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  • Feel free to view/post comments at our Examiner.com version of this story.

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Page composed by Sterling D. Allan Nov. 22, 2009
Last updated December 22, 2009


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