The Third Electrical Current
A US Patent has been awarded to John Timothy Sullivan for the Sully
Direct Current, which is not AC nor DC. Discovered as part of a new electrolysis
say it is not new, and it is not a third type of current.
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, USA -- Clear Energy, Inc., a small R&D company in
Baltimore, has been issued US Patent number 7,041,203
for a new electrical current.
Previously, there were two types of currents used to deliver electrical power.
Direct Current (DC), the kind that comes from your battery in your automobile,
was discovered by Ben Franklin in the 1700s. Alternating Current (AC)
was brought forth by Nikola Tesla over a hundred years ago, and is the
underpinning of today's electrical infrastructure. Through his invention
of the AC induction motor and other technology, the superior efficiency of
Tesla's designs brought about the implementation of AC power over the opposition
of DC investors. (See footnote.)
Alternating current is described as electric current that flows for an
interval of time in one direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, a
current that flows in alternately reversed directions through or around a
circuit. The polarities of electrodes or conductors are constantly swapping
polarities when the current changes direction.
Direct current is described as electrical current that flows in one
direction, and does not reverse its polarities as alternating current does. The
electricity produced in DC batteries is direct current. The Plus (+) and Minus
(-) polarities of electrodes remain constant and never swap.
Sully Direct Current (SDC)
But, what would happen if you have a polarity reversal within the (+) positive
and (-) negative electrode without swapping the polarity of the supply voltage?
The result is a new electrical current called Sully Direct Current or (SDC),
named after its inventor John T. Sullivan.
SDC is described as electrical current that flows for an interval of time in one
direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, two or more current paths
flowing in alternately reversed directions within a constant (+) Anode and (-)
Cathode circuit. The plus (+) and minus (-) supply polarities of electrodes
remain constant -- the same as a DC battery. The polarities within the
electrodes of the circuit are reversing causing an alternating reversing
Close switch SW1 and SW2 On/Off 180 degrees
out of phase with SW3 and SW4 continuously.
The result is a revering multi-directional current that flows in parallel
or in series through electrodes from Left to Right and then Right to Left,
without reversing the supply polarity. A multi-directional current will
result between at least two electrodes. "Sully Direct Current" (SDC)
is described as electrical current that flows for an Interval of time in
one direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, one or more
current paths flowing in alternately reversed directions through or around
a circuit. The supply voltage polarities (+) and (-) of electrodes remain
constant, same as a DC battery. The polarities within the anode and
cathode are alternating, reversing to change current directions. The
Voltage is measured in Sully Voltsฎ. The current is measured in Sully
Direct Current (SDC). Power is measured in SullyWattsฎ.
John T. Sullivan, Inventor (Patent Pending [as of the time of the creation
of the illustration]). All rights reserved. 2006.
|See additional diagram: X
Bridge DC Compared to X Bridge SDC
Alternating Current (AC) and SDC both have current reversal. AC
changes (+) anode and (-) cathode supply polarity when it changes current
direction. SDC changes current direction without swapping the (+) anode
and (-) cathode supply lines.
SDC can reverse currents at full voltage or zero volts to produce tuned,
counter-EMF forces and magnetic field reversals. The inductive coiled electrodes
can be tuned at certain frequencies to resonate to produce hydrogen more
efficiently . There are sweet spots in tuning the mechanics of electromagnetic
forces when you put a coiled anode inside of a coiled cathode with a reversing
The Voltage across the Anode (+) and cathode (-) is measured with a DC Volt
meter. The current between two or more circuits or cells is measured with
an AC current meter that can be measured in Sully Watts .
How it Was Discovered
Sullivan created SDC while working on one of his patented hydrogen and oxygen
electrolysis generators to create an alternative fuel.
One limiting factor in efficient creation of hydrogen in electrolysis is the
attraction created between Hydrogen and Oxygen gas bubbles to electrodes.
"They stick like tiny magnets, increasing resistance of electrodes,"
thus reducing gas production.
As the SDC current changes direction within an inductive coil, the directions of
the magnetic fields reverse creating multidirectional forces on the electrodes
and ions. A tuned resonator circuit can create vibrations on the electrodes;
this action shakes the electrodes and significantly increases the release of the
hydrogen bubbles resulting in more efficient production of pure Hydrogen and
It would not be feasible to use AC to create this mechanical action; the gases
would mix as polarities are swapped creating an unstable mixed gas.
New applications for this revolutionary new voltage are just beginning to be
developed in many disciplines such as lighting, semi-conductors, capacitors,
gravity experiments, fusion, particle accelerators, motors, hydrogen generators,
fuel cells, batteries, water purifiers and medical applications.
Sullivan hopes that SDC currents will open new doors to scientific
discoveries and products that were not possible with AC and DC.
# # #
the late 1800s, universities were teaching that electricity in nature was
alternating. However, on the analogy that if a river kept reversing its
direction a waterwheel would not be able to do effective work, students were
also taught that AC had to be converted to DC to be useful. Tesla defied what
he'd been taught was impossible to design the brushless AC induction motor.
This motor was so much more efficient than any previously existing technology
that it overturned great opposition and "vested interest" in
pre-existing DC electrical generation and also in older AC stations running at
133 cycles per seconds. The the Tesla motor required 60 Hz. Thus it was the
application for AC that eventually forced industry to switch to Tesla's system
and frequency. (Ref. Wizard,
The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla, p. 16 for the info about how AC
was taught to students in the late 1800s.)
Haliburton, June 12, 2006
Page posted by Sterling
D. Allan June 11, 2006
Last updated December 24, 2014