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You are here: > News > June 11, 2006

The Third Electrical Current

A US Patent has been awarded to John Timothy Sullivan for the Sully Direct Current, which is not AC nor DC. Discovered as part of a new electrolysis technique.

Critics say it is not new, and it is not a third type of current.


BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, USA -- Clear Energy, Inc., a small R&D company in Baltimore, has been issued US Patent number 7,041,203 for a new electrical current.

Previously, there were two types of currents used to deliver electrical power. Direct Current (DC), the kind that comes from your battery in your automobile, was discovered by Ben Franklin in the 1700’s.  Alternating Current (AC) was brought forth by Nikola Tesla over a hundred years ago, and is the underpinning of today's electrical infrastructure.  Through his invention of the AC induction motor and other technology, the superior efficiency of Tesla's designs brought about the implementation of AC power over the opposition of DC investors. (See footnote.)

Alternating current is described as electric current that flows for an interval of time in one direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, a current that flows in alternately reversed directions through or around a circuit. The polarities of electrodes or conductors are constantly swapping polarities when the current changes direction.

Direct current is described as electrical current that flows in one direction, and does not reverse its polarities as alternating current does. The electricity produced in DC batteries is direct current. The Plus (+) and Minus (-) polarities of electrodes remain constant and never swap.

Sully Direct Current (SDC)™

But, what would happen if you have a polarity reversal within the (+) positive and (-) negative electrode without swapping the polarity of the supply voltage?

The result is a new electrical current called Sully Direct Current or (SDC)™, named after its inventor John T. Sullivan.

SDC is described as electrical current that flows for an interval of time in one direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, two or more current paths flowing in alternately reversed directions within a constant (+) Anode and (-) Cathode circuit. The plus (+) and minus (-) supply polarities of electrodes remain constant -- the same as a DC battery.  The polarities within the electrodes of the circuit are reversing causing an alternating reversing multi-directional currents.


Close switch SW1 and SW2 On/Off 180 degrees out of phase with SW3 and SW4 continuously.
The result is a revering multi-directional current that flows in parallel or in series through electrodes from Left to Right and then Right to Left, without reversing the supply polarity. A multi-directional current will result between at least two electrodes. "Sully Direct Current" (SDC) is described as electrical current that flows for an Interval of time in one direction and then in the opposite direction; that is, one or more current paths flowing in alternately reversed directions through or around a circuit. The supply voltage polarities (+) and (-) of electrodes remain constant, same as a DC battery. The polarities within the anode and cathode are alternating, reversing to change current directions. The Voltage is measured in Sully Voltsฎ. The current is measured in Sully Direct Current (SDC). Power is measured in SullyWattsฎ.
John T. Sullivan, Inventor (Patent Pending [as of the time of the creation of the illustration]). All rights reserved. 2006.
See additional diagram: X Bridge DC Compared to X Bridge SDC

Alternating Current (AC) and SDC™ both have current reversal.  AC changes (+) anode and (-) cathode supply polarity when it changes current direction.  SDC™ changes current direction without swapping the (+) anode and (-) cathode supply lines.

SDC™ can reverse currents at full voltage or zero volts to produce tuned, counter-EMF forces and magnetic field reversals. The inductive coiled electrodes can be tuned at certain frequencies to resonate to produce hydrogen more efficiently . There are sweet spots in tuning the mechanics of electromagnetic forces when you put a coiled anode inside of a coiled cathode with a reversing magnetic fields.

The Voltage across the Anode (+) and cathode (-) is measured with a DC Volt meter.  The current between two or more circuits or cells is measured with an AC current meter that can be measured in Sully Watts™ .

See video of electrolysis.

How it Was Discovered

Sullivan created SDC™ while working on one of his patented hydrogen and oxygen electrolysis generators to create an alternative fuel.

One limiting factor in efficient creation of hydrogen in electrolysis is the attraction created between Hydrogen and Oxygen gas bubbles to electrodes.  "They stick like tiny magnets, increasing resistance of electrodes," thus reducing gas production.

As the SDC current changes direction within an inductive coil, the directions of the magnetic fields reverse creating multidirectional forces on the electrodes and ions. A tuned resonator circuit can create vibrations on the electrodes; this action shakes the electrodes and significantly increases the release of the hydrogen bubbles resulting in more efficient production of pure Hydrogen and Oxygen.

It would not be feasible to use AC to create this mechanical action; the gases would mix as polarities are swapped creating an unstable mixed gas.


New applications for this revolutionary new voltage are just beginning to be developed in many disciplines such as lighting, semi-conductors, capacitors, gravity experiments, fusion, particle accelerators, motors, hydrogen generators, fuel cells, batteries, water purifiers and medical applications.

Sullivan hopes that SDC™ currents will open new doors to scientific discoveries and products that were not possible with AC and DC.

# # #



Tesla did not "invent" AC

In the late 1800s, universities were teaching that electricity in nature was alternating. However, on the analogy that if a river kept reversing its direction a waterwheel would not be able to do effective work, students were also taught that AC had to be converted to DC to be useful. Tesla defied what he'd been taught was impossible to design the brushless AC induction motor. This motor was so much more efficient than any previously existing technology that it overturned great opposition and "vested interest" in pre-existing DC electrical generation and also in older AC stations running at 133 cycles per seconds. The the Tesla motor required 60 Hz. Thus it was the application for AC that eventually forced industry to switch to Tesla's system and frequency. (Ref. Wizard, The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla, p. 16 for the info about how AC was taught to students in the late 1800s.)

-- Mary-Sue Haliburton, June 12, 2006


See also

Page posted by Sterling D. Allan June 11, 2006
Last updated December 24, 2014





"It is harder to crack a prejudice than an atom." // "I'd rather be an optimist and a fool than a pessimist and right." -- Albert Einstein

ADVISORY: With any technology, you take a high risk to invest significant time or money unless (1) independent testing has thoroughly corroborated the technology, (2) the group involved has intellectual rights to the technology, and (3) the group has the ability to make a success of the endeavor.
All truth passes through three stages:
   First, it is ridiculed;
   Second, it is violently opposed; and
   Third, it is accepted as self-evident.

-- Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

    "When you're one step ahead
of the crowd you're a genius.
When you're two steps ahead,
you're a crackpot."

-- Rabbi Shlomo Riskin, (Feb. 1998)

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